Dementia is a general term used to describe a group of symptoms associated with a decline in cognitive functioning, including memory loss, difficulty communicating, impaired reasoning and judgement, and changes in personality and behavior. Dementia can affect a person's ability to perform everyday activities and can lead to a loss of independence.
There are many different types of dementia, including Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and mixed dementia. The underlying causes of dementia vary depending on the type, but can include genetic factors, lifestyle factors, brain injuries or infections, and certain medical conditions.
There is currently no cure for dementia, but treatments and interventions can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life. These may include medication, therapy, lifestyle changes, and supportive services such as home care or assisted living. Early diagnosis and treatment can be especially important in managing the progression of dementia.
Download PDF dementia.pdf